Top 14 Things to Do After Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Installation
The 23rd. In April 2020, the Kanonengruppe published the long-awaited Ubuntu on 20.04. The latest release replaces the predecessor of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and comes with a stylish new desktop theme, an improved look, the 5.4 Linux kernel, ZFS file system support and tons of hardware and software improvements. Ubuntu 20.04 is a Long-Term Service (LTS) version and will be supported like any other LTS version for 5 years until 2025.
After you have installed Ubuntu 20.04 LTS on your system, here are some of the 14 best things to consider before using your system fully.
1) Install the latest updates of package
After the installation of a new Linux system it is always a good idea to update system packages and repositories. This will help you become familiar with the latest system packages and security updates. So to update the system and system packages, execute the command:[Secure email]:~$ sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y
2) Adjust appearance/look and feel
Since the release of Ubuntu 18.10, the standard Ubuntu theme is always elegant and neat yaru. This time, the canonical team intensified its efforts and decided to send 3 versions of the Yara theme with a set of polished icons. The options for the Yaru themes are light, standard and dark. By default Ubuntu 20.04 LTS launches the standard version of the Yaru theme.
If you switch to a dark theme, you will get the picture below:
There are also Ubuntu 20.04 games with additional background images that you can use to add a touch of color and improve the appearance of your wallpaper.
In addition to being able to switch between themes and backgrounds, users can play with the docking station settings and increase the size of the icons.
3) Installation of the GNOMEretrofitting tool
GNOME Tweaks, commonly referred to as the GNOME Tweak tool, is a free configuration tool that gives you more flexibility to further customize the appearance of the GNOME desktop, shell extensions, windowing and performance settings, to name but a few.
To install GNOME Tweak, follow the :
~$ sudo apt set gnome-tweak-tool -y
4) Installation of multimedia codecs for playback of MPEG4 and other multimedia files.
By default, Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, like other previous versions, does not support playback of multimedia files such as MPEG4 and AVI. If you want to play such media files, you need to install the Ubuntu package with limited additional features. It is software with basic applications such as media codecs, Adobe Flash and GStreamer. To install a package with a limited number of Ubuntu add-ons, follow the command below:[Protected Email]:~$ sudo apt install ubuntu-restricted-extras -y
On the EULA screen, use the tab key to accept the conditions of the EULA and press ENTER in the Ok option.
On the next screen, select Yes to accept the terms of the license. Then the system will start installing the Ubuntu limited add-on package.
5) Firewall activation and configuration (ufw)
The firewall (ufw) is installed automatically when you install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, but is disabled by default. So he has to make sure the system is safe.
ufwStatus sudostatus: inactive[secure email]:~$ ufwStatus sudostatus: inactive[secure email]:~$
Run the following command to activate the Firewall,
The command can interrupt existing ssh connections. Keep working (y|n) ? y
The firewall is active and enabled at startup
6) Install Synaptic Package Manager.
Install the Synaptic package management tool, it provides a graphical interface for package management, run the command line below to install Synaptic,
~$ sudo apt install Synaptic -y
Once it is installed, we can access it by performing a synaptic search using the hyphen,
7) Customize your email client
Topicality is a top priority for most users. Of course e-mail is accessible via a web browser, but Linux and especially Ubuntu 20.04 have made working with e-mail easier by using e-mail clients such as the native e-mail client Thunderbird. You can easily follow the instructions to add an email account to your Thunderbird mail program to receive and send emails. If you don’t like Thunderbird, there are other options you can install, such as Evolution.
8) Adjusting the time difference (backup tool)
Securing is one of the most important tasks that every Linux user must remember. Things may not go the way you expect, and if they do, your system could crash fatally, resulting in the loss of valuable data. All it takes is a wrong command that is executed to make your system fail. To prepare for the worst case scenario, it is always wise to have a system backup. Timeshift is an open source application that allows Linux users to create a system restore point from which they can return if something goes wrong.
TimeShift takes incremental snapshots of the entire operating system, including the home directory, settings, and system configuration. In case of a problem, you can make your system work properly again.
You can install Timeshift by adding Timeshift PPA as shown in the figure :[protected email]:~$ sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa
The system must then be updated to synchronize with the time difference APP.[secure email]:~$ sudo apt update
And finally, install Timeshift with the command:
~$ sudo apt install timeshift-y
9) Installation of required software applications
Although Ubuntu 20.04 LTS comes with all the basic applications you need, some may not have all the capabilities you need to perform certain tasks. For example, some video formats may not work properly because some video codecs are missing.
Fortunately, there are many other multifunctional, open and free applications that extend the functionality of standard applications and provide a better user experience. Below is a brief description of some of the applications you can install on your system.
- The VLC Media Player is a very popular multifunctional video and audio player.
- Google Chrome : A widely used multifunctional web browser with many functions and features.
- GIMP: Free and free photo editor that can perform many tasks such as photo editing, taking screenshots, free form drawing and more complex graphical editing tasks.
- Shot in the flames: A free and powerful tool for capturing the screen
- VirtualBox : A free and open source virtualization platform for creating and running virtual machines.
- SKYPE is a free means of communication with which we can make online audio and video calls.
- FileZilla is a free and open ftp and sftp client that allows files to be transferred between the ftp/sftp client and the server using the ftp and scp protocols.
An easy way to install these applications is by using the good old Ubuntu Software Center. The applications are divided into several main categories to help you navigate and install the selected applications:
- Audio and video
- Communication and news
- Graphic design and photography
10) Installation of GNOME shield extensions
The GNOME Shell Extensions are excellent pieces of code that allow you to customize your desktop and extend the functionality of the GNOME Desktop. A popular GNOME extension is the GNOME OpenWeather shell, which opens when you click on it and displays it in a certain location.
To install the GNOME shell extensions, use the following commands,[protected email]:~$ sudo apt gnome-shell extensions install -y
Now open a web browser, add the GNOME Shell Integration Module, and restart the terminal under the command
~$ sudo apt install chrome-gnome-shell -y
To return to the web browser, click GNOME Shell Extension and then click OpenWeather Extension,
Turn it on,
As you can see on the line above, the Open Weather application is visible, now set your current position.
11) Setting up Google Drive using online accounts.
Thanks to the online account function in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS we can easily configure our Google reader,
Go to Settings -> Online Accounts -> select Google.
Enter your Gmail ID and follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation.
12) Activating the night lighting
If we use the Ubuntu system at night, it is advisable to switch on the night lighting to reduce the strain on the eyes. To activate the night lighting mode, go to Settings -> Display on screen.
13) Look what’s new.
Ubuntu 20.04 brings a new perspective on Yara, which was released on 18.10 on Ubuntu. You’ll also get a new GNOME 3.36 desktop environment with polished icons and buttons and a more aesthetic look. The new office environment also has a new dark theme. You may also need the split-zoom function, which allows you to get high-resolution screens and monitors.
In addition, you can use the latest versions of software applications such as :
- Firefox 75.0
- LibreOffice 6.4.3
- Thunderbird 68.7
14) Install the Windows software and the game with PlayOnLinux.
Wine is an open source application that makes it possible to run Windows applications on Linux. PlayOnLinux is a leading program for wine. With Wine and PlayOnLinux you can run applications that otherwise would not work on Linux, such as games and Adobe Photoshop.
To install PlayonLinux together with Wine, follow the aptical command below,
E-mail secure]:~$ sudo apt install playonlinux -y [E-mail secure]:~$ sudo apt install playonlinux -y
Here we finish our top 14 things after the installation of the new Ubuntu 20.04 LTS view. It is expected that the latest version of Ubuntu will be highly appreciated by most Ubuntu fans for its popularity and ease of use.top 10 things to do after installing ubuntu 18.04 lts desktop,10 things to do after installing linux